Probashbangla24 Desk : The European Union is expected to be the monitor of the Rohingya repatriation process after the deal regarding the process was signed between Bangladesh and Myanmar on Thusday.
The European Union volunteered to be the watchdog after many human rights groups called on Friday for international agencies to be allowed to monitor the planned repatriation of hundreds of thousands Rohingya Muslim from Bangladesh to the homes they fled in Myanmar during the past three months.
Federica Mogherini, High Representative/Vice-President of EU, said, “We now expect the agreement signed (on Thursday) to be implemented without delay, and Myanmar to create the conditions on the ground that will allow for a voluntary, safe and dignified return of the refugees to their places of origin.”
“The signing of the repatriation instrument in Nay Pyi Taw is an important and welcomed step towards addressing one of the worst humanitarian and human rights crises of our times,” she added.
Earlier this week in her talks in Dhaka with the Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina, and in Nay Pyi Taw with the State Counsellor of Myanmar, Aung San Suu Kyi, she encouraged both countries to reach a swift conclusion of a bilateral repatriation agreement as a matter of urgency.
“I am pleased to see that their commitment has brought them to achieving this important result,” she said.
The EU has reiterated its call for full and unconditional humanitarian access without delay.
The European Union has been fully mobilised politically and through extensive humanitarian assistance to help find a sustainable solution to this crisis and is ready to further support the two countries in this process.
“In this context we also look forward to the swift implementation of the recommendations of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State,” she said.
More than 600,000 Rohingya sought sanctuary in Bangladesh after Myanmar’s military launched a brutal counter insurgency in their villages across northern parts of Rakhine State following attacks by Rohingya militants on an army base and police posts on Aug. 25.
The United Nations and United States have described the military’s actions as “ethnic cleansing”, and rights groups have accused security forces of atrocities, including mass rape, arson and killings.
While Myanmar’s civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi has said repatriation of the largely stateless Muslim minority would be based on residency and would be “safe and voluntary”, there were concerns that the country’s autonomous military could prove obstructive.
The memorandum of understanding signed by Myanmar and Bangladesh on Thursday said a joint working group would be set up within three weeks to prepare the way for the Rohingya’s return.